Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers
1. Dr. Birkin's major research interest is the development of motor
skills in children. It is
most likely that Dr. Birkin is a ________ psychologist.
2. Babies are born with several reflexes for getting food. One
of these is to
A) withdraw a limb to escape pain.
B) turn the head away from a cloth
placed over the face.
C) open the mouth in search of a nipple
when touched on the cheek.
D) look longer at facelike images
than at a solid disk.
3. Infant motor development is typically characterized by individual
________ of the major developmental milestones.
A) both the sequence and the age-related
B) the sequence but not the age-related
C) the age-related timing but not
D) neither the sequence nor the age-related
4. Cognition refers to
A) an emotional tie linking one person
B) the mental activities associated
with thinking, knowing, remembering, and
C) any process that facilitates the
physical development of the brain.
D) any process of change that accompanies
5. Nageeb thought all nurses were young females until a middle-aged
male nurse took
care of him. Nageeb's altered conception of a "nurse"
illustrates the process of
6. If children cannot grasp the principle of conservation, they
are unable to
A) deal with the discipline of toilet
B) see things from the point of view
of another person.
C) recognize that the quantity of
a substance remains the same despite changes in its
D) retain earlier schemas when confronted
by new experiences.
7. According to Piaget, during the formal operational stage people
A) reason abstractly.
B) adhere to social norms.
C) distinguish between good and bad
D) become aware of the positive and
negative consequences of their own behaviors.
8. Some mothers feed their infants when they show signs of hunger,
fail to respond predictably to their infants' demands for food.
These different maternal
feeding practices are most likely to contribute to differences in
9. Marlys is a sensitive, responsive parent who consistently satisfies
the needs of Sara,
her infant daughter. According to Erikson, Sara is likely to
A) form a lifelong attitude of basic
trust toward the world.
B) encounter some difficulty in overcoming
the limitation of egocentrism.
C) encounter some difficulty in forming
an attachment to her father.
D) achieve formal operational intelligence
more quickly than the average child.
10. Two characteristics of authoritarian parents are that they
A) expect obedience but are responsive
to their children's needs.
B) submit to their children's desires
but are unresponsive in times of need.
C) impose rules and expect obedience.
D) exert control by setting rules
and explaining the reasons for those rules.
11. If warmly supportive parents are especially likely to have children
self-esteem, this would most clearly indicate that
A) authoritative parenting is more
effective than authoritarian parenting.
B) permissive parenting is more effective
than authoritative parenting.
C) children's self-esteem stimulates
warmly supportive parenting.
D) warmly supportive parenting and
children's self-esteem are correlated.
12. Learning to delay gratification promotes
C) moral action.
D) permissive parenting.
13. An elaborate ceremony used to celebrate a person's emergence
into adulthood is
an example of a
B) critical period.
C) secure attachment.
D) rite of passage.
14. Aerobic exercise programs during late adulthood stimulate improvement
A) object permanence.
B) basic trust.
15. When children grow up and leave home, mothers most frequently
16. Motivation is defined by psychologists as
A) an impulse to accomplish something
B) rigidly patterned behavior characteristic
of all people.
C) a need or desire that energizes
and directs behavior toward a goal.
D) the cause of behavior.
17. A need refers to
A) a physiological state that usually
triggers motivational arousal.
B) anything that is perceived as having
positive or negative value in motivating behavior.
C) a desire to perform a behavior
in order to avoid punishment.
D) a rigidly patterned behavioral
urge characteristic of all people.
18. For a hungry person, the consumption of food serves to
A) lower the set point.
B) shorten the refractory period.
C) maintain homeostasis.
D) reduce blood glucose levels.
19. The most basic or lowest-level need in Maslow's hierarchy of
includes the need for
B) love and friendship.
C) religious fulfillment.
D) food and water.
20. The set point is
A) the stage of the sexual response
cycle that occurs just before orgasm.
B) the body temperature of a healthy
organism, for example, 98.6 degrees
C) the point at which energy expenditures
from exercise and from metabolism are equal.
D) the specific body weight maintained
automatically by most adults over long
21. The recipes commonly used in countries with hot climates are
more likely to
include ________ than those in countries with colder climates.
22. Over the past 50 years, American women have expressed ________
| with their physical appearance and have experienced a(n) ________
serious eating disorders.
A) increasing; decreasing
B) increasing; increasing
C) decreasing; decreasing
D) decreasing; increasing
23. The World Health Organization identifies obesity as a high
A) basal metabolic rate.
B) body mass index.
C) set point.
D) PYY level.
24. John has a BMI of 35 and is desperate to get it down to at
least 25. He is trying
a low-sugar, low-carbohydrate diet. John is likely to have difficulty
losing weight while
A) fat cells can be lost only with
B) his resting metabolic rate will
increase and prompt him to overeat.
C) he has an unusually low set point
for body weight.
D) fat tissue can be maintained by
fewer calories than can other body tissues.
25. Compared with people in the early 1900s, we are eating
A) a lower-fat, higher-sugar
B) a lower-sugar, higher-fat
C) a lower-fat, lower-sugar diet.
D) a higher-sugar, higher-fat diet.
26. During the resolution phase of the sexual response cycle, people
are most likely
to experience a rapid decrease in physiological arousal if
A) they have just experienced orgasm.
B) they have not used contraceptives.
C) their refractory period is unusually
D) their sexual interaction has not
resulted in conception.
27. Many sexually active American adolescents fail to avoid pregnancy
A) low sex guilt inhibits the careful
planning of contraceptive use.
B) they have mistaken ideas about
effective birth control methods.
C) sex education courses have actually
discouraged contraceptive use.
D) of all these reasons.
28. A homosexual orientation is
A) equally likely among members of
B) associated with a lack of clear
C) very persistent and difficult to
D) characteristic of over 10 percent
of American males.
29. With respect to sex research and human values, the text suggests
A) sexual activity is largely a medical
and biological issue, not a moral issue.
B) scientific methods prevent sex
researchers from being influenced by their own
C) researchers should not reveal their
sexual values because sexual standards are a
D) sex research and education should
be accompanied by open consideration of
30. Our need to belong is most clearly threatened by
A) chain migration.
B) drive reduction.
Answer Key Reference
1. B P.
2. C P.
3. C P.
4. B P.
6. C P.
7. A P.
10. C P.
12. C P.
13. D P.
14. D P.
15. C P.
16. C P.
20. D P.
26. A P.
27. B P.
29. D P.
30. C P.